Tuesday, February 26, 2013

PSLV: India's 101st space mission successful

In an important landmark for the Indian space program, the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle or PSLV (on Feb 25, 2013) placed the second Indo-French satellite 'SARAL' and six other co-passengers or small satellites from Canada, Austria, Denmark and the UK in orbit.

  • The PSLV-C20, which was earlier slated for blast-off at around 6 pm local time from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, was delayed by five minutes.
  • President Pranab Mukherjee witnessed the launch, the first of the 10 planned events of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) this year. Mr. Mukherjee is the second President after Dr APJ Abdul Kalam to witness a PSLV launch; Dr Kalam was present in Sriharikota during one such launch on May 5, 2005.
  • It is the 23rd consecutive launch for the 44-metre-tall rocket; it sequentially dropped off the satellites in space in less than half an hour after the lift-off. Later this year, a similar rocket will ferry India's maiden mission to Mars, Mangalyaan.
  • PSLV has an impeccable record of 21 consecutive successful flights. The successful launch takes ISRO's tally of launching foreign satellites to 35.
  • The ISRO-built SARAL is a 410-kg satellite with payloads - Argos and Altika - from French space agency CNES for enhancing the understanding of the ocean state conditions.
  • Altimetre (Altika) would help study the sea surface heights while Argos payload is a satellite-based data collection platform. The satellite will also be useful in tracking resident space objects, including space debris.
  • ISRO started putting into space third-party satellites for a fee in 1999 on its PSLV-C2 rocket. Since then India has been successful in launching medium-weight satellites for overseas agencies.
  • Initially, ISRO started carrying third-party satellites atop its rockets as co-passengers of its own remote sensing/earth observation satellites.
  • Later in 2007, ISRO launched an Italian satellite Agile as a standalone luggage for a fee.
  • India began its space journey in 1975 with the launch of Aryabhatta using a Russian rocket and till date, it has completed 100 missions.

PSLV-C20 & their Satellites
Weight (in Kg)

Friday, February 22, 2013

Indian IT sector - disturbing scenario

I was pleased to read the article published in THE HINDU under the title “Is IT enough, what about basic sciences?” I felt really happy at least there is one paper in India that brought the clear message that IT alone will not make India as super power in the world.
The IT industry has emerged as a major employer of technical and non-technical graduates. Because of the higher salaries, an IT job is chased and cherished by graduates. The manufacturing sector lacks the IT industry’s financial muscle to compete in the job market. We also often hear the IT industries complaining that the graduates are not industry-ready. But they do not understand the concepts that engineering graduates may be employable by the manufacturing sector, but not by the IT sector.
India may be an IT superpower but is a technical laggard. To put in other words, the IT sector has hampered the growth of science and technology in India. India cannot manufacture its own defence equipments too (but saying we are self-sufficient and will be super power and fighting for a permanent seat in ‘dummy’ UNO). Self- sufficient in defence and other areas is totally far away for India. No country in the world can hope to become superpower without a qualitatively superior technological power.
Why too much fund for IIT?
 What is the contribution of the ‘much famed’ IIT to R&D in India? Are the IITs a springboard for higher education and plum jobs in USA? Should the mechanical, chemical, electrical IIT graduates be working as software engineers, consultants and knowledge workers instead of contributing to the growth and competitiveness of the core manufacturing sector?
When the government provides subsidized education with taxpayer’s money, is it too much to expect something in return from the IIT alumni in the form of meaningful research and technological innovations? (Government also should come forward by giving free education to IIT students who sign a contract to pursue a career in research and development)
Is India really “IT” superpower?
It is wonder to describe India as real superpower in IT. (It is a great joke). Even in the latest report released by UNO on the world countries on the IT rankings, India’s position is 117 out of 135 countries. No ‘doctorate’ holders in IT field so far. Still India works on the platform where other IT companies developed it. None of the Indian IT companies developed a world-wide platform (don’t include ‘card holders’ of USA; they are no more Indians). In this situation, we are saying without India, nothing is possible in IT sector….
IT Industry blaming the government
Interestingly, the IT sector blames the Colleges and schools for poor education system. (Yes of course, our education system is poor only but not too the extent that IT industry cries). Everything is fine in Indian education system upto VIII standard. After that only, no more thinking for students, its just taking Xerox of the books in the examination paper. (World’s toughest exam is X and XII exam written by Indian students; not based on the syllabus but it is the pressure given to the students by Teachers, Parents, Media and Societies.). If we look the Nobel Prize winners and all they are not school toppers at all. (Best Example can be quoted from our country itself; it is “father of India’s missile program’” Dr APJ Abdul Kalam). Based on the requirements of IT industry, colleges are also changing the syllabus. Without basic of computer language, mastering the language with MSCE / ICSE certification is just a mere waste.
Campus Requirement – A speed break to the students to pursue R&D
When an engineering students enters III year itself, he started to work on arithmetic problems (whatever be the branch of engineering he/she is). Mostly all the students in India have the book “Quantitative Aptitude” written by R S Agarwal. (Hope it is fashionable). Downloading several dump questions from net and (mug-up) studying it. All is just for 1 reason “TO GET SELECT IN CAMPUS REQUIREMENT”.
When the day comes for campus requirements, it is media focus (India media is something unpredictable). Everyone goes to each and every corner. It’s not that all students get placed in campus requirement process. (Interestingly, the company which selects the students by campus requirements gives training to them for 5 – 6 months, then they are keeping test; then they are saying he/she is “unfit” / “not eligible” for IT sector; the big Q rises here is who is that intelligent HR panel who selected such candidates for their company). In a nutshell, the campus requirement prevented the B.E./M.SC., students to do higher education such as M.E. / M.TECH./PHD (Correspondence or week end education is totally waste in India).
Even the vice-chancellors of Indian Univ / Directors of IIT are so keen on giving the statistical report of how many students got placed in campus requirement. But they fail to give / even think, “Why India lacks in Research and Development?”
If we are like this giving always too much importance to one field alone, we can’t even compete with countries like Taiwan, The Philippines, Korea, Brazil, Germany etc…(Then where is the quest to compete with China and all)
Come out from the ‘drug’ IT field… The educationalists should come and say to the people that IT sector alone is not the one where people can survive.
Recent Example: Tamil Nadu Government called for VAO (Village Administrative Officer) Examination. (Minimum Qualification is XII Std only) But nearly 9 lakh people wrote this exam. And even some “Software Engineers”, “Hardware Engineers” too wrote this exam clearly reveals the people mind. Now days the people who are not working in IT sectors are treated as “untouchables” / “depressed class” in new India world. (A new type of system which prevails in India now)
Too much importance to IT sector will make INDIA IN TROUBLE…. (But it will not come into limelight)

Can't host Asian Athletics Championships in Chennai - Tamil Nadu

Amid protests over the alleged brutal killing of slain LTTE chief V Prabhakaran's son, Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa called off the 20th Asian Athletics Championships scheduled to be held in Chennai in July, saying Lankan players have no place in the state.Jayalalithaa said her government had written to the Asian Athletics Association in Singapore seeking that Lankan team be desisted from participation considering the "sentiments" of the people in Tamil Nadu, as the Lankan government was "repeatedly acting against the ethnic minorities".

The decision comes a day after Jayalalithaa slammed the Lankan government over the "inhuman act" of alleged cold blooded killing of 12-year-old Balachandran by the Lankan army, which has also evoked a strong condemnation from various political parties in Tamil Nadu including DMK.
The sporting body had been requested to intimate to the Lankan government in the appropriate way the state government decision, Jayalalithaa said. "It had been requested that they update us on the follow-up action with copies of the letter sent to Secretaries of Union External Affairs and Sports Ministries. But there has been no information from the Association so far".
"Since there has been no favourable response from the Asian Athletics Association, my government will at no cost accept holding the event, in which Sri Lanka is also participating, in Tamil Nadu. Tamils also will never accept it," she said in a statement.
The upcoming sporting event will not be conducted by Tamil Nadu government in any part of the state and the Association will be asked to hold it elsewhere, she said. She reiterated her charge that the killing of Balachandran was a "a grave war-crime which cannot be forgiven."
The government is in total confusion that if we support Sri Lankan Tamils, they are tagged as LTTE... Already Indian government killed 1 lakh people (with the name of LTTE) for killing Shri. Rajiv Gandhi. IS that not enough////
Why Indian government is spineless? Citing the reason of China and Pakistan may enter Sri Lanka is and all a bullshit.. Already they entered.. 
Its high time for India to change its diplomacy stands clearly.....

Thursday, February 21, 2013

Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal’s final award

Bowing to the Supreme Court orders and rejecting Karnataka's opposition, the Central government notified the Cauvery Tribunal award after six years. This is now meant to settle once and for all the on-going tussle between Tamil Nadu and Karnataka over the waters of the river Cauvery. The 121-year Cauvery dispute took a new course with the Centre notifying the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal’s final award on Feb 19, 2013. The award comes into effect immediately. “This order shall come into operation on the date of publication of the tribunal’s decision in the official gazette,” the notification said. The tribunal had given the award on February 5, 2007, but its notification was kept pending because all riparian states had moved the SC.
According to the award notified today, Karnataka is to release 182tmcfeet water to Tamil Nadu. In addition Tamil Nadu is to get 10tmcfeet for environmental purposes. Tamil Nadu will have to release 7 tmcfeet to Puducherry. These releases will be monitored by the Cauvery Water Regulation Committee for the next five years. Karnataka had released just only 205 tmcft under the interim award for the past six years.
The tribunal had given Tamil Nadu 419 tmcft, Karnataka 270 tmcft, Kerala 30 tmcft and Puducherry 7 tmcft. It had reserved 10 tmcft for environment protection and determined 4 tmcft for “inevitable escapages into the sea”. The Cauvery Management Board, which Karnataka has strongly opposed since it takes away the state’s supervisory powers, was one of the tribunal’s recommendations. It doesn’t form part of the gazette as it requires a separate notification.
That Cauvery Management Board has not been constituted is a major relief for Karnataka. The award stipulates that 20% of the quantum of water diverted from the Cauvery basin will be utilized for drinking purpose, and 2.5% for industrial use. Of the 270.11 tmcft allotted to Karnataka, 17.22 tmcft (including 8.7 tmcft to Bangalore) has been earmarked for urban areas. The award has lifted the 11.2-lakh-acre irrigation embargo for Karnataka, and fixed a new ceiling of 18.85 lakh acres.
Karnataka government has been opposing the notification and Tamil Nadu wanting it notified. Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal, constituted on 2 June, 1990, had passed the final award on February 5, 2007 but the award was not put in operation as the Centre did not notify it in official gazette.
Ticking off the Centre for "flouting the law" for the last five years, the Supreme Court on February 4 set a February 20 deadline to notify Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal award, saying it has no discretion or choice but to do so. Once a gazette notification is issued, the Cauvery River Authority (CRA) chaired by the Prime Minister and the Cauvery Monitoring Committee will cease to exist.
As Karnataka assembly goes to polls May, the Centre's notification is likely to create trouble for the Congress. Farmers and Kannada organizations had planned protests ahead of the notification. The government has stepped up security in the Cauvery basin delta areas and prohibitory orders are put in place around the Krishnaraja Sagar (KRS) reservoir near Mysore.
          Speaking to the reporters in Chennai, Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa said she was happy to see the notification and also she said in detail how Tamil Nadu struggled in the water dispute. 

Monday, February 18, 2013

Asia's cleanest village in India

Before the start of every election rally, the headman of Mawlynnong, in Meghalaya (Asia’s cleanest village), announces a code of conduct for the parties and candidates. He tells them: “you must maintain cleanliness and tell your partymen not to make the village dirty”
The villagers have banned poll posters. From children to the elderly, every person can be seen picking up every bit of trash and dropping it in cone-shaped bamboo baskets kept on bamboo stands at various locations. Politicos dare not ignore the code. They know that littering may cost them votes

AIADMK keeping the national parties at arm's length

By coming down heavily both on the Congress and the BJP on the ground that they were completely against the interests of Tamil Nadu, Chief Minister and AIADMK general secretary Jayalalithaa has indicated that she might maintain equidistance from the two national parties in the next Lok Sabha polls.
She wants a central regime that would have an ear for Tamil Nadu and argues that such a government can be installed only if the AIADMK sweeps the Lok Sabha polls and bags all the 39 seats in Tamil Nadu and the lone one in Puducherry.
Her speech at a mass wedding of 65 couples echoed similar remarks she had made last year, exhorting her cadre to work for a total sweep. Her stand may mean that she is unlikely to encourage one of the national parties, in contrast to her earlier invitations to the Congress in 2009 to dump the DMK and join hands with her. But it failed to fructify.
Later, she asked the Congress to jettison the DMK from the UPA in the wake of 2G scam and offered to compensate for the consequent loss of numbers in the Lok Sabha. This also cut no ice with the Congress.
Even though she is quite close to BJP and its probable Prime Ministerial candidate Narendra Modi, Ms. Jayalalithaa is fully aware that an alliance with the BJP, which has no strong base in the State, is unlikely to benefit her party. On the contrary, it may only result in losing the backing of the minorities. She had won back their support after alienating them through the anti-conversion bill of her previous regime. But what is not clear is whether she can win the elections on her own since the dynamics of Lok Sabha elections totally differ from the contours of the Assembly poll scene. It is also not sure whether her projection of the AIADMK as an alternative to both the Congress and the BJP would translate into votes if she fails to identify a combination that will come to power. Further, the possibility of the DMK piecing together an alliance could make going it alone a risk for her.
The DMK-Congress combination has survived many a crisis in the recent past, and it may hold good for the next election too. Political sources say the Congress is in touch with Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam (DMDK), led by actor Vijayakant, and hopes to rope in the party into their alliance.
While Mr. Vijayakant is no great admirer of the DMK, the AIADMK’s attitude towards the party may get him to reconsider his decision. In such an eventuality, the AIADMK may be forced to ponder whether it can go it alone.
  • Follow Mr. Modi and show the physical progress in all fronts. That is the manthra for winning all 40 seats. Voters are fed up with alliances. They want good governance.
  • AIADMK says it will not have any relation with BJP or with the congress. DMK wants the congress and DMDK. Rahul does not want to have any alliance with the DMK but wants the DMDK .PMK is like a prodigal son. MDMK is cautious. It can ally either with the DMK or with the AIADMK. The communists would like to ally with the AIADMK. It would be better if all the parties’ re- group under three fronts. One led by AIADMK plus the communists and few castes based groups. The second one led by the DMK, MDMK and few splinter groups. The third alliance led by the Congress or by the DMDK. PMK will have to cross over to AIDMK or stand alone. If there are three alliances, the AAIDMK alliance would get 22 seats, DMK alliance would get 12 seats and the congress and the DMDK alliance would get 6 seats. On the other hand, if there are two alliances depending upon the alliance parties, 40 seats will be shared. In any event AAIDMK can hope to get a minimum of 12 seats to a maximum of 22 seats.
  • In general TN people are addicted to caste, communals, freebies and liquors. So whatever the development a government does, it is not matter for them. They will be changing the government once in 5 years. The main success of Gujarat is that Mr. Modi continues to be the CM there. Also people of TN are bad in differentiating b/w the Assembly polls and Lok Sabha polls.

TN records the highest number of protests in India

            As per the data from the Union home ministry, Tamil Nadu recorded 15,746 demonstrations in 2011, an average of 44 a day, moret han any other state in the country. Uttarakhand was a distant second, with 8,610 protests. Maharashtra (8,289) was in third place, followed by Punjab (7,554) and Karnataka (5,013).Among the states with the fewest demonstrations were Sikkim (0), Tripura (2) and Mizoram (3).
In Tamil Nadu, as in most other states, a majority of the protests were organised by political parties (6,334).Government employees (2,487),other workers (1,049 ) and groups of communities (731) were also responsible for a large number of demonstrations. A total of 73,341 agitations were held across the country in 2011, an average of 204 a day. The bureau did not estimate financial losses from the protests.
According to the bureaus data, the Communist-leaning and protest-prone states of West Bengal (1,352) and Kerala (825),which usually record a large number of agitations, were nowhere among the states at the top of the table. Experts said that, this apparent discrepancy could indicate that police and other departments under-recorded protests in these states.
Protests are underreported in several states. Tamil Nadu Police officials said that, the police permit agitations only with police permission so the numbers for Tamil Nadu are probably more accurate.  Columnist and political analyst G Nani said an increase in awareness may also have led to a spike in the number of agitations in the state. A political observer said many political parties organised protests on a regular basis only to give themselves a semblance of legitimacy. A party that does not hold regular protests cannot survive in this country.
However, CPM Tamil Nadu secretary G Ramakrishnan said that was a cynical way of looking at protests. Parties do not hold protests only to take on other parties, but also to highlight social issues and fight for justice for the common man.
Experts were surprised that students were responsible for only 440 of the 15,746 demonstrations in 2011.Students Federation of India state president K S Kanagaraj attributed this to a lack of freedom in educational institutions. Most private colleges do not tolerate any kind of dissent.
Social activists noted that there had been a rise in the number of protests across the country, but this was accompanied by a fall in their effectiveness. A former civil servant M G Devasahayam said that, the voice of the people is being ignored by the government. The government now simply ignores protests. It couldn’t care any more.  He said that, the government now suppresses a citizens right to protest. People take to the streets when they fail to get justice, but the authorities often try to stifle protests.

No of Protests
No of Protests
Tamil Nadu
15, 746
8, 289
7, 554
5, 013

2013 Elections in India

             Nearly 10 states will go to their Assembly elections in 2013. The first set being the North-Eastern States. Second set is Karnataka in Oct 2013 and by May 2013 important big states (semi-final for Lok Sabha elections) such as Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Delhi goes to the polls.

Saturday, February 16, 2013

TNPSC Group I Questions

(HELD ON FEB 16, 2013)

(01) The sampling rate, (how many samples per second are stored) for a CD is
(A) 48.4 KHZ                                                                        (B) 22,050 HZ
(C) 44.1 KHZ                                                            (D) 48 KHZ
The sampling rate, sample rate, or sampling frequency (f_s) defines the number of samples per unit of time (usually seconds) taken from a continuous signal to make a discrete signal. The full range of human hearing is between 20 Hz and 20 kHz. The minimum sampling rate that satisfies the sampling theorem for this full bandwidth is 40 kHz. The 44.1 kHz sampling rate used for Compact Disc was chosen for this and other technical reasons.

(02) Which one of the following is not related to United Nations Organizations?
(A) Multilateral investment guarantee agency
(B) International finance corporation
(C) International centre for settlement of investment disputes
(D) Bank of international settlements
The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) is an international financial institution which offers political risk insurance guarantees. Such guarantees help investors protect foreign direct investments against political and non-commercial risks in developing countries. MIGA is a member of the World Bank Group and is headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States.
The International Finance Corporation (IFC) is an international financial institution which offers investment, advisory, and asset management services to encourage private sector development in developing countries. The IFC is a member of the World Bank Group and is headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States.
The International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) is an international arbitration institution which facilitates arbitration and conciliation of legal disputes between international investors. The ICSID is a member of the World Bank Group and is headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States.
The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) is an international organization of central banks which "fosters international monetary and financial cooperation and serves as a bank for central banks”. As an international institution, it is not accountable to any single national government. The BIS carries out its work through subcommittees, the secretariats it hosts and through an annual general meeting of all member banks. It also provides banking services, but only to central banks and other international organizations. It is based in Basel, Switzerland, with representative offices in Hong Kong and Mexico City.
The World Bank differs from the World Bank Group, in that the World Bank comprises only two institutions: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA), whereas the latter incorporates these two in addition to three more:[5] International Finance Corporation (IFC), Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), and International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID).

(03) Which is the discipline for which Robert J Lofkowitz and Brain K Kobilka received the Nobel Prize for the year 2012?
(A) Chemistry                                                                                   (B) Physics
(C) Medicine                                                                                     (D) Literature
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2012 was awarded jointly to Robert J. Lefkowitz and Brian K. Kobilka "for studies of G-protein-coupled receptors"

(04) Who is the first Bharat Ratna Awardee?
(A) Shri Chakravarti Raja Gopalachari                                         (B) Jawaharlal Nehru
(C) Dr. Rajendra Prasad                                                                  (D) Dr. Zakir Hussain
Bharat Ratna is the Republic of India's highest civilian award, for performance of highest order in any field of human endeavour. Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex is eligible for the award. However the recommendations for Bharat Ratna are to be made by the Prime Minister of India to the President of India. The holders of the Bharat Ratna rank 7th in the Indian order of precedence; however they do not carry any special title nor any other honorifics. First winner(s) are Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Sir C.V. Raman and C. Rajagopalachari (in 1954) and the last winner is Bhimsen Joshi (in 2008).
So far 5 posthumous, 5 women, 5 Presidents of India, 5 Prime Ministers of India, 2 Non-Indians got this award.

(05) Which is the non fatal viral disease transmitted by Aedes mosquito?
(A) Chikungunya                                                                              (B) Dengue fever
(C) Filariasis                                                                                      (D) Malaria
Aedes is a genus of mosquito originally found in tropical and subtropical zones, but now found on all continents excluding Antarctica. Some species of this genus transmit serious diseases, including dengue fever and yellow fever. In Polynesia, the species Aedes polynesiensis is responsible for the transmission of human lymphatic filariasis. The yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti is a mosquito that can spread the dengue fever, Chikungunya and yellow fever viruses, and other diseases.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease of humans and other animals caused by protists (a type of microorganism) of the genus Plasmodium. It begins with a bite from an infected female mosquito (Anopheles Mosquito), which introduces the protists via its saliva into the circulatory system, and ultimately to the liver where they mature and reproduce.
(06) Who are ASHA?
(A) Trained woman health volunteer involved in immunization, safe delivery and care of new born
(B) Trained men health volunteer involved in immunization, safe delivery and care of new born
(C) Trained Doctors involved in immunization, safe delivery and care of new born
(D) Trained woman nurses involved in immunization, safe delivery and care of new born
Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) are community health workers instituted by the Government of India's Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) as part of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM). The Mission began in 2005. ASHAs are local women trained to act as health educators and promoters in their communities.

(07) Area between 15 and 55 kms above the earth’s surface is called Stratosphere. What is special about this?
(A) Area rich with 90% ozone                                            (B) Area rich with oxygen
(C) Area rich with carbon dioxide                                      (D) Area rich with moisture
The ozone layer is mainly found in the lower portion of the stratosphere from approximately 20 to 30 kilometres (12 to 19 mi) above Earth, though the thickness varies seasonally and geographically.

(08) The latest member to join WTO on August 22, 2012 is
(A) Russia                                                                              (B) China
(C) Cuba                                                                                (D) Canada
The WTO has 158 members. China joined in 2001 and Russia on August 22, 2012. Iran is currently the largest economy outside of the WTO.

(09) The grand old lady of Indian theatre who turned 100 recently is
(A) Waheeda Rahman                                                         (B) Zohra Sehgal
(C) Farida Jalal                                                                     (D) Zarina Wahab
Veteran actress Zohra Sehgal, the grand old lady of Indian cinema whose spirited performance in many a film and stage production has entertained audiences during the past seven decades, turned 100 on April 2012.

(10) Where is the Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel National Police Academy situated?
(A) Ahmedabad                                                         (B) Delhi
(C) Hyderabad                                                          (D) Kolkata
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy is the premier police training institution in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.

(11) Match:
List-I                                                                           List-II
(Rivers/Tributaries)                                     (Landforms)
(a) Chambal                                       1          Delta
(b) Cauvery                                        2          Jog water falls
(c) Narmadha                                                3          Bad lands
(d) Sharvathi                                      4          Estuary
            (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
(A)       2          1          3          4
(B)       1          2          4          3
(C)       4          3          1          2
(D)      3          1          4          2

(12) Match:
List-I                                                                           List-II
(a) Sebastian vetel                              1          Archery
(b) Vijay Kumar Malhotra               2          Wrestling
(c) Saina Nehwal                               3          Formula One
(d) Yogeshwar Dutt                          4          Badminton
            (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
(A)       4          2          3          1         
(B)       3          2          4          1
(C)       2          3          4          1
(D)      3          1          4          2

(13)  Match:
List-I                                                                           List-II
(a) Vaisali                                           1          Ajatha Satru
(b) Rajgir                                            2          Kanishka
(c) Pataliputra                                    3          Kalashoka
(d) Kashmir                                       4          Asoka
            (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
(A)       4          1          3          2         
(B)       3          4          2          1
(C)       3          1          4          2
(D)      2          4          1          3

(14) Convert decimal 44 to binary
(A) 101100                                                     (B) 011001
(C) 001                                                            (D) 100011

 (15) Point out the correct event/given below Lala Lajpat Rai received severe lathi blows and died because of that
(A) Non-Cooperation Movement
(B) Agitations against Simon Commission
(C) Civil-Disobedience Movement
(D) Quit India Movement
Lala Lajpat Rai (popularly know as Punjab Kesari) was an Indian freedom fighter. He was also associated with activities of Punjab National Bank and Lakshmi Insurance Company in their early stages. He sustained serious injuries by the police when leading a non-violent protest against the Simon Commission and died less than three weeks later. His death anniversary (November 17) is one of several days celebrated as Martyrs' Day in India.

(16) Find the odd one out with reference to the Reforms Act of 1935
(A) Provincial Autonomy                                        (B) All India Federation
(C) Dyarchy at the Centre                                        (D) Dyarchy in the Provinces
            Dyarchy in the Provinces is associated with the Government of India Act, 1919

(17)  Match:
(a) Google                                          1          Web server
(b) Google Chrome                           2          Firewall
(c) Apache                                          3          Search Engine
(d) AVG                                             4          Browser
            (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
(A)      3          4          1          2         
(B)       4          3          1          2         
(C)       3          2          4          1         
(D)      2          1          4          3

(18) Consider the following statements:
I.         Bluetooth and WI_FI are both wireless networking standards that provide connectivity via radio waves
II.        The main difference is Bluetooth’s primary use is to replace cables while WI-FI used to provide wireless, high speed access to the internet or a local area network
(A) I is true but II is false                                          (B) I is false but II is true
(C) I and II are true                                                  (D) I and II are false

(19) The ‘Miniflame’ in news is a
(A) computer virus                                                   (B) mobile platform
(C) new e-mail service                                              (D) mini computer

 (20) Which day was declared as the International Day of the girl child by the U.N.?
(A) 11th October                                                       (B) 12th October
(C) 13th October                                                         (D) 14th October

(21) Which is the first state in India where Panchayat Raj system was implementd?
(A) Andhra Pradesh                                                  (B) Rajasthan
(C) Tamil Nadu                                                        (D) Maharashtra

(22) Which one of the following language is not included in the VIIIth schedule?
(A) Maithili                                                               (B) Dogri
(C) Tulu                                                                     (D) Santhali

(23) Match:
(a) Balwantrai Mehta Committee                                       1          1978
(b) Community Development Programme                                    2          1957
(c) Ashok Mehta Committee                                               3          1952
(d) 73rd Constitutional Amendment                                                4          1993
            (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
(A)       1          2          3          4                     
(B)       2          3          4          1                     
(C)       2          3          1          4         
(D)      1          3          4          2         

(24) Consider the following pairs. Which of the following pair is/are correct?
I.         Sir Charles Wood’s Despatch         -           1854
II.        Hunter Commission                         -           1884
III.      University Act                                   -           1904
IV.       Madras University                            -           1835
(A) I and III                                                               (B) II and IV
(C) II and I                                                                 (D) IV and III
Hunter Commission – 1882; Madras University – 1857

(25) Fill in the blanks:
According to Human Development Index of 2011 _______ country rakns first and India is grouped as ________ category
(A) Japan, High Human Development
(B) Norway, Medium Human Development
(C) Malaysia, Low Human Development
(D) None of these
United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report for 2011 was released on 2 November 2011.It covers 185 member states of the United Nations (out of 193), along with Hong Kong (of the People's Republic of China), and the Palestinian territories; 8 UN member states are not included because of lack of data.
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education, standards of living, and quality of life for countries worldwide.
Norway ranked first in the report followed by Australia, The Netherlands, United States and New Zealand. India stood at 134th position in Medium Category.

(26) Which of the following statements about ‘JANANI SURAKSHA YOJANA’ was correct?
I.         The scheme has the dual objective of reducing maternal and infant mortality
II.        The scheme is 100% centrally sponsored
III.      It involves cash assistance with medical care
(A) I alone correct                                                                 (B) II alone correct
(C) III alone correct                                                              (D) I, II and III are correct
Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) under the overall umbrella of National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) is being proposed by way of modifying the existing National Maternity Benet Scheme (NMBS). While NMBS is linked to provision of better diet for pregnant women from BPL families, JSY integrates the cash assistance with antenatal care during the pregnancy period, institutional care during delivery and immediate post-partum period in a health centre by establishing a system of coordinated care by eld level health worker.  The JSY is a 100% centrally sponsored scheme. Cash assistance is to be provided to women from Below Poverty Line (BPL) families, for enabling them to deliver in health institutions.
To reduce over all maternal mortality ratio and infant mortality rate, and 
To increase institutional deliveries in BPL families
Target Group
All pregnant women belonging to the below poverty line (BPL) households and
Of the age of 19 years or above
Up to two live births

(27) Which of the following statements about ‘the RTE Act’ is TRUE?
I.         Catering to the age group of 6-14
II.        Legal entitlement to free and compulsory education
III.      Catering to the age group of 14-18
IV.       Meant for girl students alone
(A) I and II                                                                            (B) IV alone
(C) III alone                                                                           (D) III and IV
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE), was passed by the Indian parliament on 4 August 2009, describes the modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education for children between 6 and 14 in India under Article 21a of the Indian Constitution. India became one of 135 countries to make education a fundamental right of every child when the act came into force on 1 April 2010.

 (28) Fill in the blanks:
US accounts for only _____ percent of world population and is causing ____ 22 percent of world pollution, whereas India causes ____ percent of CO2 emissions
(A) 4.6, 22, 4                                                                                    (B) 4, 4.6, 22
(C) 17.4, 4, 4.6                                                                       (D) 22, 4.6, 90

(29) Which of the following statements about ‘Anaithu Grama Anna Marumalacrhi Tittam’ are correct?
I.         Launched in 2006-07 with a view to develop basic infrastructure facilities in village panchayats
II.        The scheme accords priority to the richest village panchayats which have high per capita income
(A) I is true but II is false                                                     (B) I and II are true
(C) I and II are false                                                              (D)None of these
Tamil Nadu Government have launched Anaithu Grama Anna Marumalarchi Thittam (AGAMT) from the year 2006 onwards which aims at substantial mobilization of resources into the one-fifth of the Village Panchayats every year and improvement of infrastructure in the State over a period of five years. 
Under this scheme, in order to improve the basic infrastructure facilities in the Panchayats, priority has been given to these Village Panchayats in which the Per Capita income is very low.  Based on this, the list of one-fifth Village Panchayats in each Block has been prepared according to ascending order of per capita income and improvement of rural infrastructure is being taken up over a period of five years since 2006-07 in these Panchayats.

(30) Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam has been emphasizing the adoption of the following to eradicate poverty in India and to have sustained economic growth?
(A) MGNREGS                                                                    (B) NRHM
(C) PURA                                                                              (D) NFSM

(31) Which Five Year Plan gave importance to development of basic and heavy industries?
(A) I                                                                                        (B) II
(C) III                                                                                     (D) IV

(32) One of the following special inflorescence is the characteristic feature of Euphorbiaceae family.
(A) Cyathium                                                                        (B) Verticillaster
(C) Hypanthodium                                                               (D) Coenanthium

 (33) The Planning Commission was set up in
(A) 1947                                                                                  (B) 1948
(C) 1949                                                                                  (D) 1950
            Planning Commission was established on March 15, 1950 by an executive resolution of the Government of India. It was established on the recommendation of the Advisory Planning Board constituted in 1946 under the chairmanship of K. C. Neogi. Planning Commission is an extra-constitutional and a non-stautorybody.

(34) When was Agricultural Price Commission setup?
(A) 1950                                                                                  (B) 1955
(C) 1965                                                                                  (D) 1975

(35) When was National Agricultural Insurance Scheme introduced?
(A) 1979-80                                                                            (B) 1989-90
(C) 1999-2000                                                                        (D) 2009-10

(36) In India Sex Ratio during 2011 is
(A) 927 females per 1000 males                                            (B) 933 females per 1000 males
(C) 940 females per 1000 males                                          (D) 946 females per 1000 males

(37) The architect of the Second Five Year Plan
(A) Jawaharlal Nehru                                                           (B) Indira Gandhi
(C) V.V. Giri                                                                         (D) P. C. Mahalanobis

(38) The architect of Mullai-Periyar dam is
(A) John Penny Cuick                                                         (B) John Pinto
(C) Jacob Preist                                                                     (D) John Williams

(39) This woman astronaut, olds the record for the longest space flight among the woman space travellers. She took over the command of international space station on 15th September 2012. Who is she?
(A) Akihiko Hoshide                                                            (B) Kalpana Chawla
(C) Yuri Malenchenko                                                         (D) Sunita Williams

(40) According to the Indian Readership Survey in 2012, the third most widely read English Newspaper in India is
(A) Times of India                                                                (B) Hindustan Times
(C) The Hindu                                                                       (D) The Deccan Chronicle
            Among English dailies, six of the top 10 English dailies have seen a decline in their AIR. The Times of India continues to lead the list, but has a marginal loss of 9,000 readers in this quarter. Meanwhile, second placed Hindustan Times has lost 38,000 readers and The Hindu with a loss of 25,000 readers maintain its third place. The Telegraph and The Deccan Chronicle follows the next.

(41) If Cricket: Bats, then Polo:_______
(A) Sticks                                                                                (B) Mallets
(C) Poles                                                                                 (D) Spears

(42) Where in the human body is the ‘Uvula’?
(A) Nose                                                                                 (B) Ears
(C) Mouth                                                                              (D) Neck

(43) Which among the following is included in the world heritage list at a meeting of the world heritage committee?
(A) The Eastern ghats                                                           (B) The Western ghats
(C) The northern Plateau                                                     (D) The Himalayas

(44) Match:
List-I                                                                           List-II
(a) Sachin Tendulkar                                    1          Father of White revolution
(b) V. S. Sampath                              2          Chief Election Commissioner
(c) Varghese Kurian                          3          Rajiv Gandhi National Sadhavana Award
(d) D. R. Mehta                                4          Rajya Sabha Member
            (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
(A)      4          2          1          3         
(B)       1          2          3          4         
(C)       4          3          1          2         
(D)      4          1          2          3

(45) Who is the chairman of the National water resources council in India?
(A) Prime Minister                                                               (B) Minister of water resources
(C) Minister of environment and forests                            (D) Minister of Science and technology

(46) Match:
List-I (Ores)                                       List-II (metals)
(a) Haematite                                     1          Lead
(b) Cinnabar                                      2          Iron
(c) Calamine                                      3          Mercury
(d) Galena                                          4          Zinc
            (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
(A)      2          3          4          1                     
(B)       3          2          1          4         
(C)       2          4          3          1                     
(D)      4          2          1          3

 (47) The earth crust is separated from the Mantle by a layer of discontinuity called as
(A) Moho                                                                              (B) Curtenberg
(C) Asthenosphere                                                                (D) Hamblin
            The Mohorovičić discontinuity, usually referred to as the Moho, is the boundary between the Earth's crust and the mantle. Named after the pioneering Croatian seismologist Andrija Mohorovičić, the Moho separates both the oceanic crust and continental crust from underlying mantle. The Moho mostly lies entirely within the lithosphere; only beneath mid-ocean ridges does it define the lithosphere – asthenosphere boundary. The Mohorovičić discontinuity was first identified in 1909 by Mohorovičić, when he observed that seismograms from shallow-focus earthquakes had two sets of P-waves and S-waves, one that followed a direct path near the Earth's surface and the other refracted by a high velocity medium.

(48) Match:
List-I                                                               List-II
(International Organisations)          (Personalities)
(a) WTO                                            1          Irina Bokova
(b) FAO                                              2          Pascal Lamy
(c) WHO                                            3          Margaret Chan
(d) UNESCO                                     4          Jose Grazianoda Silva
            (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
(A)       4          2          1          3         
(B)       2          4          3          1         
(C)       2          4          1          3                     
(D)      1          2          4          3

(49) The 44th Constitution amendment Act, 1978 relating to the declaration of national emergency requires the President of India to act in accordance with the
(A) Collective advice of the entire council of ministers
(B) Advice of the union cabinet
(C) Advice of the attorney general of India
(D) Advice of the Supreme Court
            In order to ensure that a Proclamation is  issued  only after due consideration, it is sought to be provided that an Emergency can  be proclaimed only on the basis of written advice tendered to the President by the Cabinet.

(50) Gas lighters work on the basic principle of
(A) piezo-electric effect                                                       (B) magnetic effect
(C) thermo-electric effect                                                      (D) electromagnetic induction
            A gas lighter is a device which is used to ignite the gas stove. It is used in gas stoves which do not have automatic ignition system. It uses a physical phenomenon called piezo-electric effect to generate an electric spark which ignites the combustible gas from the stove burner.

(51) Match the following:
(a) FORTRAN                      1          Procedure oriented language
(b) C                                        2          Object oriented language
(c) C++                                  3          Event driven language
(d) VB                                     4          Formula translation language
            (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
(A)       4          2          1          3         
(B)       4          1          2          3
(C)       1          3          4          2
(D)      3          1          4          2

(52) Match:
(a) UNIX                                            1          MySQL
(b) MSDOS                                        2          Bell Lab
(c) Open source DBMS                    3          Oracle
(d) RDBMS                                       4          Microsoft Corporation
            (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
(A)       2          4          3          1                     
(B)       4          1          2          3         
(C)       2          4          1          3                     
(D)      3          1          2          4

(53) Which part of the Constitution of India says about the Election Commission?
(A) Part III                                                                             (B) Part XV
(C) Part XX                                                                           (D) Part XXII

(54) According to which article equality before law and the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India is maintained
(A) Art. 15                                                                              (B) Art. 16
(C) Art. 14                                                                             (D) Art. 17

 (55) Point out the wrong statement in the following with respect to money bill
(A) The prior consent of the President is required for introducing a money bill
(B) A money bill can be introduced only in the Lok Sabha
(C) The Rajya Sabha has to pass the money bill so transmitted within a period of 14 days from the date of sending
(D) A money bill can be introduced only in the Rajya Sabha
            No bill can become law without the assent of the President, even if it has been passed by both the Houses of the parliament. Article 111 says that when a Bill has been passed by both Houses of the Parliament, it has sent to the President for his assent. The President may either –
  • Give his assent  to the Bill, or
  • He may withhold his assent, if it is not a Money Bill or a Constitutional Amendment Bill.
The money and the Financial Bills can only originate in the Lok Sabha. In case of Money Bill, the Rajya Sabha has only the right to make recommendations and the Lok Sabha may or may not accept the recommendation. Also, a Money Bill must be passed by the Rajya Sabha within a period of 14 days. Otherwise the Bill shall the automatically deemed to be passed by the House. Thus, the Lok Sabha enjoys exclusive legislative jurisdiction over the passage of the Money Bills.

(56) Dada Saheb Phalke Award was conferred on which of the following actresses in May 2012?
(A) Vyjayanthi Mala                                                             (B) Soumitra Chatterjee
(C) Waheeda Rahman                                                         (D) Sharmila Tagore
            Dada Saheb Phalke award: highest award given by the Government of India for the field of cinema. The winner (59th winner) of 2011 is Bengal actor Soumitra Chatterjee. He was conferred this award by the President of India on May 2012.
Note: Soumitra Chatterjee is male… Question should be “which actor…”

(57) The 39th chief justice of India appointed on 13th September 2012 is
(A) Justice A. K. Sikri                                                          (B) Justice Mohit Shantilaf Shah
(C) Justice Altamas Kabir                                                   (D) Justice Jai Singh Sekhon

 (58) Which of the following awards is not among the “Stree Shakti Puraskar” instituted by Government of India?
I.         Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar                                II.        Kannagi
III.      Rani Lakshmi Bai                                         IV.       Mata Jijabai
(A) II only                                                                              (B) I and III
(C) IV only                                                                             (D) None of the above
            As a measure of recognition of achievements in individual women in the field of social development, the Government of India has instituted of 6 National Awards, which are called “Stree Shakti Puruskar”. These awards are in the name of the following eminent women personalities in the Indian history, who are famous for their personal courage and integrity:
• Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar
• Kannagi
• Mata Jajabai
• Rani Gaidinliu Zeliang
• Rani Lakshmi Bai
• Rani Rudramma Devi (for both men & women)

(59) I. Ranthambhore National Park and Sariska National sanctuary are related to tiger
II. Ranthambhore National Park and Sariska sanctuary are tourist centres of Rajasthan
(A) Both I and II are correct                                               (B) Both I and II are wrong
(C) I is correct and II is wrong                                            (D) II is correct and I is wrong
            Ranthambore National Park or Ranthambhore is one of the largest national parks in northern India. It is situated in Sawai Madhopur district of southeastern Rajasthan. Ranthambore wildlife sanctuary is known for its tigers and is one of the best places in India to see these majestic predators in the jungle. Tigers can be easily spotted even during the day time.
The Sariska Tiger Reserve is an Indian national park located in the Alwar district of the state of Rajasthan. The best and the most attractive feature of the Sariska Tiger Reserve has always been its Bengal Tigers. This is the first ever Tiger Reserve in the world where the relocation of tigers has been done successfully, makes it one of a kind.

(60) When and where is the XX commonwealth games scheduled to be held?
(A) 2013, Australia                                                                (B) 2013, New Delhi
(C) 2014, Australia                                                                (D) 2014, London
The Commonwealth Games is an international, multi-sport event involving athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations. The game is to be held once in 4 years. Although there are 54 members of the Commonwealth of Nations, 71 teams participate in the Commonwealth Games as a number of British overseas territories, Crown dependencies, and island states compete under their own flag. The four Home Nations of the United KingdomEngland, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland – also send separate teams. Here are the recent venues of the game:
Ø      XVII à 2002 à  Manchester, England     
Ø      XVIIIà 2006 à  Melbourne, Australia
Ø      XIX   à 2010 à  Delhi, India        
Ø      XX    à 2014 à  Glasgow, Scotland                     
Ø      XXI   à 2018 à  Gold Coast CityAustralia     
So the correct answer should be Glasgow, Scotland in 2014. So TNPSC question setters thought Scotland and London are both same (but for commonwealth they are entirely different and for Olympics they are same) so as for the option and TNPSC< the answer must be “D”

(61) The nuclear missile Agni V successfully test fired on April 19th 2012 crossed ____ Kms in _____ minutes
(A) 3000 Kms, 15 minutes                                                    (B) 4000 Kms, 20 minutes
(C) 5000 Kms, 20 minutes                                                  (D) 6000 Kms, 20 minutes
            Agni-V is an intercontinental ballistic missile developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). It is part of the Agni series of missiles, one of the missile systems under the original Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme. The range of Agni V missile is 5,500-5,800 km.
 On 19 April 2012, the Agni V was successfully test-fired by DRDO from Wheeler Island off the coast of Odisha. The flight time lasted 20 minutes and the third stage fired the re-entry vehicle into the atmosphere at an altitude of 100 kilometres (62 mi). The missile re-entry vehicle subsequently impacted the pre-designated target point more than 5,000 kilometres (3,100 mi) away in the Indian Ocean. {Chinese experts though, felt that the missile has the potential to reach targets 8000 km away and that the Indian government had deliberately downplayed the missile's capability in order to avoid causing concern to other countries.}

(62) The 21st ASEAN Summit was held on 18th November 2012 at
(A) Phnom Penh                                                                  (B) Myanmar
(C) Beijing                                                                              (D) Singapore
Summit of ASEAN
17th à Oct 28–31 2010 à Hanoi, Vietnam
18th à May 7–8 2011 à Jakarta, Indonesia         
19th à Nov 17-19 2011 à Bali, Indonesia
20th à Apr 3-4 2012 à Phnom Penh, Cambodia
21st à Nov 18-20 2012 à Phnom Penh, Cambodia       
22nd à            Apr 24-25 2013 à Brunei (To be held)

(63) Neelam: Tamil Nadu as ______ : North America during 2012
(A) Yasi                                                                                  (B) Bopha
(C) Sandy                                                                               (D) Thane
            Cyclone Yasi (2011) à Australia; Typhoon Bopha (2012) à The Philippines; Hurricane Sandy (2012) à USA (North America); Cyclone Thane (2011) à India (Tamil Nadu)

(64) Which is the National fruit of India?
(A) Banana                                                                             (B) Apple
(C) Mango                                                                             (D) Water Melon

(65) Who is the chairman of the Official language commission in 1955?
(A) Sir. B. G. Kher                                                              (B) Kothari
(C) Mudaliar                                                                         (D) Balwantrai Mehta
            Nehru appointed the First Official Language Commission under the chairmanship of B. G. Kher on 7 June 1955. The commission delivered its report on 31 July 1956. It recommended a number of steps to eventually replace English with Hindi.

(66) Which one of the following is not a non-sense codon?
(A) UAA                                                                                (B) UAU
(C) UGA                                                                                (D) UAG
            One of the mRNA sequences (UAA, UAG, UGA) that signals the termination of translation. A codon for which no normal tRNA molecule exists. The presence of a nonsense codon causes termination of translation (ending polypeptide chain synthesis). There are three nonsense codons are called amber (UAG), ochre (UAA) and opal (UGA).

(67) Who among the following were the prominent workers of the Congress Radio Station named as “Voice of Freedom:” started in 1942?
I.         Usha Mehta
II.        Rammanohar Lohia
III.      Kalpanna Dutta
IV.       Aruna Asaf Ali
(A) I, II and IV                                                                      (B) II, III and IV
(C) I and II                                                                             (D) III and IV
            Congress Radio was a clandestine and underground radio station, which operated for about three months during the Quit India Movement of 1942, a movement launched by Gandhi against the British Raj for independence of India. Congress Radio was the broadcasting mouthpiece of the Indian National Congress, and functioned from different locations from Bombay. It was organized by Usha Mehta (1920–2000), a veteran freedom fighter of India with the help of ham radio operators. Her other associates for organizing the Congress Radio included Vithalbhai Jhaveri, Chandrakant Jhaveri, and Babubhai Thakkar. The technicians and the equipment were supplied by Nanak Motawani of Chicago Radio, Mumbai. Eminent personalities like Ram Manohar Lohia, Achyutrao Patwardhan, and Purushottam Trikamdas were also associated with the Congress Radio. On 14 August 1942, within a week of launching of the Quit India Movement, the Secret Congress Radio, went on air, with Dr. Usha Mehata herself broadcasting this announcement: "This is the Congress Radio calling on (a wavelength of) 42.34 meters from somewhere in India."

(68) Which of the following are correctly matched?
I. V. D. Savvarker                 -           Abhinav Bharat Society
II. Madam Cama                  -           The Bande Mataram
III. Shyamji Krishna Varma            -           Hind Swaraj
IV. Har Dayal                        -           Indian Home Rule Society
(A) I and III                                                                           (B) I and IV
(C) I and II                                                                             (D) II and III
            Har Dayal is associated with Ghadar Party; Hind Swaraj is for Gandhi; Indian Home Rule Society is for Shyamji Krishna Varma

(69) Match the following:
(a) Nehru report                    1          Provincial Autonomy
(b) Mont-Ford Act                2          Complete Independence
(c) Govt of India Act, 1935  3          Dyarchy in the Provinces
(d) Lahore Congress             4          Dominion Status
            (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
(A)       4          3          2          1         
(B)       4          3          1          2         
(C)       3          2          1          4
(D)      3          4          2          1

(70) Match the following:
(a) I                             1          Westerlies
(b) II                            2          Easterlies
(c) III                          3          Doldrums
(d) IV                          4          Trade winds
            (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
(A)       2          1          3          4
(B)       3          4          1          2         
(C)       3          2          1          4         
(D)      2          3          4          1          
(71) Match:
List-I                                                               List-II
(a) Amjad Alikhan                            1          Writer
(b) Ruskin Bond                                2          Journalist
(c) Girija Devi                                   3          Sarod Exponent
(d) Ramnath Goenka                        4          Vocalist
            (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
(A)      3          1          4          2         
(B)       1          3          2          4         
(C)       2          1          3          4                     
(D)      4          2          1          3

(72) In the recent presidential elections in 2012, the Russian President Mr. Vladimir Putin and the American President Mr. Barack Obama, were consecutively elected for the
(A) Second and third term                                                   (B) Both for second term
(C) Third and second term                                                  (D) Both for the third term
            Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin is a Russian politician who has been the President of Russia since 7 May 2012. Putin previously served as President from 2000 to 2008, and as Prime Minister of Russia from 1999 to 2000 and again from 2008 to 2012.
Presidents of Russia:
(i)     Boris Yeltsin (1991 – 1999)
(ii)  Vladimir Putin (2000 – 2008)
(iii)            Dmitry Medvdev (2008 – 2012)
(iv) Vladimir Putin (2012 – 2018*)
Barack Obama took over as President of US for second consecutive term in 2012.
{Question is wrong; Putin is not consecutively elected as President of Russia in 2012; but by going with options it must be third term for Putin and second term for Obama}

(73) Find the odd man out
(A) Shaurya Chakra                                                              (B) Kirti Chakra
(C) Sena Medal                                                                     (D) Param Vishisht Seva Medal
(74) The third stage of the Indian Nuclear Power Programme is based on
(A) Uranium                                                                          (B) Plutonium
(C) Thorium – Uranium 233 cycle                                     (D) None of these
            India's three-stage nuclear power programme was formulated by Dr. Homi Bhabha in the 1950s to secure the country’s long term energy independence, through the use of uranium and thorium reserves found in the monazite sands of coastal regions of South India. The ultimate focus of the programme is on enabling the thorium reserves of India to be utilized in meeting the country's energy requirements. Thorium is particularly attractive for India, as it has only around 1–2% of the global uranium reserves, but one of the largest shares of global thorium reserves at about 30% of the total world thorium reserves.
A Stage III reactor or an Advanced nuclear power system involves a self-sustaining series of thorium-232-uranium-233 fuelled reactors. This would be a thermal breeder reactor, which in principle can be refueled – after its initial fuel charge – using only naturally occurring thorium. (Stage I à Pressurised Heavy Water and Stage II à Fast Breeder Reactor)

(75) New Indian census data released on March 2012 revealed that
(A) Half of all Indians do not have toilet at home
(B) Nearly 10% of the people own a telephone
(C) 92% of the people are having access to treated drinking water
(D) None of these
            New Census data released shows that, though half of all Indians do not have a toilet at home, well over half own a telephone. These and many other contrasting facts of life have come out in Census 2011. The data on housing, household amenities and assets cast new light on a country in the throes of a complex transition, where millions have access to state-of-the-art technologies and consumer goods — but a larger number lacks access to the most rudimentary facilities.
Only 46.9% of the total 246.6 million households have toilet facilities. Of the rest, 3.2% use public toilets. And 49.8% ease themselves in the open. In stark contrast, 63.2% of the households own a telephone connection — 53.2% of mobile phones. The data also show that just 32% of the households use treated water for drinking and 17% still fetch drinking water from a source located more than 500 metres in rural areas or 100 metres in urban centres

(76) Hilary Mantel won the 2012 Man Booker Prize for her Novel and its significant because
(A) She is the first ever woman to win the award
(B) She is the first living British novelist to win the award more than once
(C) She won the award twice
(D) All the above
            Hilary Mary Mantel, is an English novelist, short story writer, essayist and critic. In 2009, she won the Man Booker Prize for her novel Wolf Hall. Her latest book, Bring Up the Bodies, won the 2012 Man Booker Prize. She is the first woman to receive the award twice, following in the footsteps of J. M. Coetzee, Peter Carey and J. G. Farrell (who posthumously won the Lost Man Booker Prize). Mantel became the first woman, and the first Briton, to win the prize twice.

(77) Late N. C. Sundravalli was associated with which of the following?
(A) Music                                                                               (B) Dance
(C) Drama                                                                             (D) Education
            N. C. Soundaravalli, noted classical musician who carved a niche for herself in the devotional music genre, passed away in Chennai on Oct 2012. She was 76.

(78) Match:
(a) 24th Amendment                          1          Abolition of Right to property
(b) 42nd Amendment                         2          Anti defection law
(c) 44th Amendment                          3          Fundamental duties
(d) 52nd Amendment                         4          Supremacy of parliament over
fundamental rights
            (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
(A)       4          3          2          1         
(B)       3          4          2          1         
(C)       4          3          1          2         
(D)      1          4          3          2

(79) Match:
(a) Part-II of the Constitution         1          Directive Principles of State Policy
(b) Part-IV of the Constitution        2          State Governments
(c) Part-VI of the Constitution        3          Amendment
(d) Part-XX of the Constitution      4          Citizenship
            (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
(A)      4          1          2          3         
(B)       4          1          3          2         
(C)       1          4          2          3                     
(D)      2          1          4          3

(80) Match:
(a) Lokamanya Thilak                      1          Vande Mataram
(b) Sri Aurobindo Ghosh                 2          Commonweal
(c) G. Subramanya Aiyar                 3          Maratha
(d) Dr. Annie Beasant                       4          The Hindu
            (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
(A)      3          1          4          2         
(B)       1          4          2          3
(C)       4          2          1          3                     
(D)      2          3          4          1

(81)Point out the correct statement in the following:
(A) Snake is the symbol of First Tirthankara
(B) Lion is the symbol of Mahavira
(C) Mahavira is the first Tirthankara
(D) Conch is the symbol of Second Jain Tirthankara
24th (last)

(82) The diagram which is drawn to show the calculated wind speed and direction
(A) Isotherm                                                                          (B) Barometer
(C) Wind Rose                                                                      (D) Wind Mills

(83) Match:
List-I                                                               List-II
(Culture Realms)                               (Cultural Area)
(a) The occidental                             1          Korea
(b) The main Islamic                                    2          Anglo - America
(c) The India                                      3          Jordan
(d) East Asia                                      4          Nepal
            (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
(A)       3          2          1          4
(B)       2          3          4          1         
(C)       1          4          2          3         
(D)      3          1          4          2

(84) Match:
List-I                                                               List-II
(a) EVR Periyar                                 1          New Lamp for Old
(b) Aurobindo Ghosh                       2          An Echo for Andamans
(c) Dayananda Saraswathi               3          Family Planning
(d) V D Savarkar                               4          Satyarta Prakash
            (a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
(A)       4          2          3          1         
(B)       2          3          1          4
(C)       3          1          4          2                     
(D)      1          4          2          3

(85) Which among the following statements about ‘Malala Yousufzal’ recently in news are true?
I.         Malala was 15 years old rights activist
II.        She advocated girl’s education
III.      She was awarded 2012 Tippery International peace award from Ireland
IV.       She was shot by Taliban
(A) I and II only                                                                    (B) I and III only
(C) I, II and III only                                                             (D) I, II, III and IV

(86) The family to which these endangered species great Indian bustard and Lesser Florican, which have got a dedicated land for breeding in the Ajmer district of Rajasthan belong to is
(A) Bird                                                                                  (B) Deer
(C) Camel                                                                              (D) Bison

(87) To improve the status of women in landed property sates like Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh have amended the
(A) Hindu Succession Act, 1956                                        (B) Hindu Succession Act, 1967
(C) Hindu Succession Act, 1981                                          (D) Hindu Succession Act, 1996

(88) By which of the following amendments, the Indian President is bound to act according to the advice tendered to him by the Council of Ministers?
(A) 42nd Amendment                                                           (B) 44th Amendment
(C) 45th Amendment                                                             (D) 46th Amendment

(89) Which one of the following shall not be considered an adequate ground for the issue pf Proclamation of national emergency?
(A) War                                                                                  (B) External aggression
(C) Armed Rebellion                                                                        (D) Internal Disturbance

 (90) A new all India service can be created by
(A) An amendment of the constitution
(B) An executive order
(C) Passing a resolution under Article 312 of the constitution in the Rajya Sabha
(D) An order of Cabinet committee on appointments

(Remaining Questions to be uploaded soon….)