Saturday, August 31, 2013

Kachchatheevu was not ceded to Sri Lanka: Centre tells SC

The Union government informed the Supreme Court that the question of retrieval of Kachchatheevu from Sri Lanka did not arise as no territory belonging to India was ceded to Sri Lanka. Taking on record the Centre’s response to a writ petition filed by Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Ms. Jayalalithaa seeking retrieval of Kachchatheevu from Sri Lanka, a Bench of Justices B.S. Chauhan and S.A. Bobde posted the matter for final hearing to enable Ms. Jayalalithaa to file her rejoinder.

Ms. Jayalalithaa, who filed the petition in December 2008 as AIADMK general secretary, sought a declaration as unconstitutional the 1974 and 1976 agreements between New Delhi and Colombo on ceding of Kachchatheevu, an island off the Rameswaram coast, to Sri Lanka.

Jayalalithaa’s argument
Centre’s argument
The island was historically part of the Ramnad Raja’s zamindari and later it became part of the Madras Presidency. The island was always of strategic importance and special significance for fishing operations in the area. In or around 1921, Sri Lanka started claiming territorial rights over the island without any justification and notwithstanding such claims it continued to be part of India. She highlighted the sufferings of fishermen from Tamil Nadu who inadvertently strayed into the island. Because of the hostile attitude of the Sri Lankan navy, fishermen feared to go fishing as they were either killed or taken into custody if they entered Kachchatheevu.

The island was a matter of dispute between British India and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) and there was no agreed boundary. The dispute relating to the status of this island was settled in 1974 by an agreement and both countries examined the entire question from all angles and took into account historical evidence and legal aspects. This position was reiterated in the 1976 agreement.
No territory belonging to India was ceded nor sovereignty relinquished since the area in question was in dispute and had never been demarcated. Therefore, the contention of Ms. Jayalalithaa that Kachchatheevu was ceded to Sri Lanka was not correct and contrary to official records.
The Centre said as per the two agreements, no fishing rights in Sri Lankan waters were bestowed to Indian fishermen. Under the agreements “Indian fishermen and pilgrims will enjoy access to visit Kachchatheevu and will not be required by Sri Lanka to obtain travel documents or visas for these purposes. The right of access is not to be understood to cover fishing rights around the island to Indian fishermen.
On the frequent incidents of firing against Indian (Tamil Nadu) fishermen by Sri Lanka
The Centre said, the government has always taken up on a priority basis with Sri Lanka including at the highest levels any incident involving safety and security of Indian fishermen in the waters between two countries. Whenever Indian fishermen were arrested, the government of India intervened and got them released and sought dismissal of the petition as not maintainable.

2013 Independence Day Awards: Govt of TN

Awards for Exemplary service for the welfare of the differently abled (10 gm gold plated medal + a certificate)
Best doctor
 Dr. C. Ramesh, HOD, Government Rehabilitation Centre, Chennai
Best Social Worker
K. Murali, Director, TEF Leaders, Coimbatore
Best institution
‘Udhavum Ullangal’ Government Estate, Vellore
Best private employer who has provided maximum number of employment
Joseph Eye Hospital, Tharangaivasam, Tiruchi
Best district central cooperative bank
District Cooperative Bank, Vellore
Awards for the services rendered towards the welfare of women
Best institution servicing women award
‘Virutcham Magalir Munnetra Kazhangiam’, Virdhunagar (10 gm gold plated medal + Rs. 50000 + certificate)
Best social worker (for work done for women)
Vasantha Kumari of Saras Trust, Udhagamandalam (10 gm gold plated medal + certificate)
Kalpana Chawla Award (Rs. 5 lakh + a certificate)
Kalpana Chawla Bravery award
Ms. Suki Premila
CM award to the best performing urban local bodies
Best Corporation
Erode (Rs. 25 lakh + certificate)
Best Municipalities
Udumlpet (I Prize) (Rs. 15 lakh + certificate)
Bodinayakanur (II Prize) (Rs. 10 lakh + certificate)
Arcot (III Prize) (Rs. 5 lakh + certificate)
Best Town Panchayats
Avinashi (I Prize) (Rs. 10 lakh + certificate)
Uthamapalayam (II Prize) (Rs. 5 lakh + certificate)
Kaveripattinam (III Prize) (Rs. 3 lakh + certificate)
Chief Minister’s Best Practices Award (Rs. 20000 + certificate)
Improving quality delivery system
Hon’ble Minister TKM Chinnaiah
Dr. S Vijayakumar IAS
Dr. R Palaniswamy IAS
Improving quality delivery system ensuring good governance
Hon’ble Minister Thoppu N Venkatachalam
Mr. Gangdeep Singh Bedi IAS
Mr. T S Sridhar IAS

Official shares bravery award money with subordinates

In a rare gesture, a woman tahsildar has shared her prize money with two of her colleagues. Ms. N. Sugi Premila, the flying squad tahsildar — hailing from Garanvilai near Marthandam serving in the Revenue Department in Kanyakumari district — received the ‘Kalpana Chawla’ Bravery Award from Chief Minister Jayalalithaa on Independence Day in Chennai from the Chief Minister, Ms. Jayalalithaa. The award included a gold-plated medal, a certificate and Rs. 5 lakh.

Ms. Sugi Premila shared the reward with Revenue Inspector Jothish Kumar and her driver John Bright, who cooperated with her in carrying out search operations to prevent smuggling of essential commodities to different parts of Kerala from Tamil Nadu. The flying squad tahsildar handed over cheques of Rs. 1 lakh each to Mr. Jothish Kumar and Mr. Bright from her prize money.

While speaking she said, “My subordinates also deserved to get the prize amount… It was team work. Hence, I decided to share with them too”. The official further said, “Whenever I received information from my sources, I alerted my subordinates. They, in turn, rushed to the spots to crack down on anti-social elements and illegal acts”.

Tuesday, August 27, 2013

Congress and DMDK set to go hand in hand?

Though AICC vice-president Mr. Rahul Gandhi greeting Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam (DMDK) founder Mr. Vijayakant on his birthday [Aug 25, 2013] is seen as an important development, Congress leaders in the State refuse to read more into it, saying the situation is still in a flux to talk about alliance.
An AICC secretary from the State said that, today, in Tamil Nadu, both the Congress and the DMK are almost in the same position. While the DMDK, which has consolidated anti-Dravidian forces to certain extent, has succeeded in establishing itself as a force to reckon with, the Congress could not do it because it never capitalised the anti-Dravidian sentiments in the State.
Besides Mr. Rahul Gandhi, AICC general secretary Mukul Wasnik, TNCC president B.S. Gnanadesikan, Union Ministers G.K. Vasan and E.M. Sudarsan Natchiappan were among those who wished the DMDK leader on his birthday.
The Congress secretary said Mr. Gandhi and Vijayakant established contacts after the DMDK sought the support of the Congress for its candidate in the Rajya Sabha polls. But, finally, Congress decided to support DMK candidate Ms. Kanimozhi. This goes to prove that our party would rely on either of the Dravidian parties when it comes to Lok Sabha polls.
Another Congress leader dismissed the argument that Mr. Rahul Gandhi’s birthday message to Mr. Vijayakant assumed significance because he never greeted DMK president M. Karunanidhi or called on him during his visit to Tamil Nadu. He pointed out that on the occasion of Mr. Karunanidhi’s birthday, Congress president Sonia Gandhi and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh greeted him every time.
Despite displaying themselves as friendly towards the DMDK, the Congress leaders say it is “too early” to come to the conclusion on the alliance as it is not clear whether Mr. Vijayakant would agree to be a constituent of the front that includes the DMK.

          Congress sources said that, they want to form a broad alliance. But, also feel enthused by the Congress’ performance in the Lok Sabha by-elections in Karnataka and the changed attitude of Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa towards the Food Security Bill. Though there are ifs and buts in her stand, this is for the first time that she is seen to be favourably disposed towards Congress party.

Thursday, August 22, 2013

Junior Vikadan magazine survey in TN of PM candidates (in Tamil)

தமிழகம் முழுவதும் ஜூ.வி நடத்திய சர்வே

(01) அடுத்த பிரதமர் தகுதி யாருக்கு இருக்கிறது?
நரேந்திர மோடி = 52.85%
ஜெயலலிதா = 16.19%
ராகுல் காந்தி = 15.79%
மன்மோகன் சிங் = 15.17%

(02) பிரதமர் மன்மோகன் சிங் செயல்பாடு?
மோசம் = 45.46%
சுமார் = 45.08%
சூப்பர் = 9.46%

(03) நான்கரை வருட மத்திய காங்கிரஸ் கூட்டணி ஆட்சி?
மோசம் = 48.96%
சுமார் = 44.52%
பிரமாதம் = 6.52%

(04) மத்திய காங்கிரஸ் கூட்டணி ஆட்சியில் அதிக பாதிப்பை ஏற்படுத்தியது?
விலைவாசி உயர்வு = 41.58%
பெட்ரோல், சிலிண்டர் விலை உயர்வு = 31.43%
ஸ்பெக்ட்ரம், நிலக்கரி, ஊழல் = 26.99%

(05) மோடி பிரதமர் ஆனால்?
மாற்றம் ஏற்படும் = 56.64%
வழக்கமான ஆட்சியாகத்தான் இருக்கும் = 24.34%
மத மோதல்கள் ஏற்படும் = 19.02%

(06) மோடியை பி.ஜே.பி. முன்னிலைப்படுத்துவதை?
வரவேற்கிறேன் = 60.47%
விரும்பவில்லை = 27.24%
எதிர்க்கிறேன் = 12.29%

(07) மோடி பிரதமர் ஆவதற்கான தகுதி?
உண்டு = 55.86%
கருத்தில்லை = 25.72%
இல்லை = 18.42%

(08) வரும் நாடாளுமன்றத் தேர்தலில் காங்கிரஸ் கூட்டணிக்கு
ஓட்டுப் போட மாட்டேன் = 47.39%
தேர்தல் நேரத்தில் முடிவெடுப்பேன் = 38.78%
ஓட்டுப் போடுவேன் = 13.83%

Tuesday, August 20, 2013

Women from all communities tie rakhis on Modi's wrist

Gujarat Chief Minister Mr. Narendra Modi reached out to the minorities on the occasion of Raksha Bandhan. Women and girls from all communities tied rakhis on Modi's wrist. Politics was also not far behind as Modi took the opportunity to hit out at the Centre's security policy in the wake of ceasefire violations along the Line of Control, saying the government had failed to protect its soldiers.

"How do we expect our soldiers to protect us if they cannot be saved against brutal attacks from Pakistan and China? This Raksha Bandhan, we must reflect on the security of Mother India," Modi said.

India Today Opinion Poll: Best PM candidate from Congress party

          The best PM candidate from Congress

(01)        Rahul Gandhi (44%)
(02)        Manmohan Singh (15%)
(03)        P Chidambaram (6%)
(04)        A K Antony (5%)
(05)        Sheila Dikshit (3%)
(06)        Sushil Kumar Shinde (2%)
(07)        Priyanka Gandhi (2%)

(08)        Meira Kumar (2%)

India Today Poll: Best PM Candidate from non-Cong and non-BJP

India Today Opinion Poll

          The best PM candidate from non-Congress and non-BJP parties

(01)        Mayawati, BSP – Uttar Pradesh (7%)
(02)        Mulayam Singh Yadav, SP – Uttar Pradesh (7%)
(03)        Chandrababu Naidu, TDP – Andhra Pradesh (6%)
(04)        Nitish Kumar, JD(U) – Bihar (5%)
(05)        Jayalalithaa, AIADMK – Tamil Nadu (4%)
(06)        Mamata Banerjee, TMC – West Bengal (4%)
(07)        Sharad Pawar, NCP – Maharashtra (3%)
(08)        Naveen Patnaik, BJD – Odisha (3%)
(09)        Praksh Singh Badal, Akali Dal – Punjab (3%)
(10)        Akhilesh Yadav, SP – Uttar Pradesh (2%)
(11)        P A Sangma, NPP – Meghalaya (2%)
(12)        Omar Abdullah, NC – Jammu & Kashmir (2%)
(13)        Jaganmohan Reddy, YCP - Andhra Pradesh (2%)
(14)        Lalu Prasad Yadav, RJD – Bihar (2%)
(15)        Prakash Karat, CPI(M) – West Bengal (2%)
(16)        Karunanidhi, DMK – Tamil Nadu (2%)
(17)        H D Deve Gowda, JD (S) – Karnataka (1%)

India Today opinion poll on Delhi, Rajasthan, MP & Chhattisgarh assembly elections

India-Today opinion poll on the assembly election bound states: Delhi, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. Three-time BJP leaders are poised to win in three of the four states that go to Assembly polls soon. Delhi Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit remains the lone warrior for the Congress

Delhi:- Three-time Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit remains the most popular choice for Delhi's top job, never mind the Commonwealth Games scam, soaring power prices and spate of rapes that has dogged her latest term in office. But her personal popularity might not be enough to carry Congress home for the fourth straight time. The India Today Group-CVoter survey puts both Congress and BJP at 28 seats apiece while Arvind Kejriwal's Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) gets nine in its electoral debut. Those numbers can only mean one thing: The next Delhi government will be one of strange bedfellows. The survey finds the Congress's vote share sliding to 33 per cent from 40 per cent in 2008, resulting in an overall loss of 15 seats. Senior Delhi Congress leader Mukesh Sharma uses Dikshit's popularity as the counter argument:

If 40 per cent of the people want Dikshit to be chief minister, then definitely they would vote for her. In that case, the vote percentage would rise. Congress's loss isn't, however, BJP's gain, with the principal Opposition party getting a 35 per cent vote share, down 1 per cent from 2008. In fact, Kejriwal pips Delhi BJP state President Vijay Goel to become Delhi's second most popular chief ministerial choice. "It's significant that within a short span of eight months, Arvind is challenging the chief minister of 15 years," says senior AAP leader Manish Sisodia. Goel won't agree Kejriwal is a factor at play. "Show me one agitation in Delhi led by AAP in the last six months," he says, claiming, "The power stirs, slum movements and Dalit sammelans have helped us gain new ground."

Rajasthan:- Ashok Gehlot's last-ditch attempt in the autumn of his full five-year term to turn the tide and return to power seems doomed. According to the survey, a resurgent Vasundhara Raje-led BJP is set for a near-simple majority in the Assembly elections in December. The 97 seats projected for the Opposition party, however, fall short of its own assessment of 125 seats in the 200-member House.
The Gehlot-led Congress government's bouquet of schemes and Rs.2,000 crore in freebies rolled out in the recent past fall flat on various counts. Firstly, cash in lieu of saris and blankets to the poor and the attempt to expand the free medicines scheme fivefold by supplying generics would appeal to sections that already form part of the established Congress vote bank. The Chief Minister's attempt to target upper-caste poor through the pension scheme could also end up antagonising the taxpaying public. "My uncle who retired from a Central Government job has started getting Rs.500 a month in pension despite owning a Rs.50-lakh house. He is happy but as a taxpayer, I feel cheated," says a Rajasthan Administrative Service officer.

"We should be doing better than what you are predicting because of good implementation of our schemes," claims Satyendra Raghav, Rajasthan Congress spokesperson. But the schemes have often not reached target beneficiaries, something Raje chose to highlight during her Suraj Sankalp Yatra in May-August apart from charges of rampant government corruption. While concluding her yatra in Alwar district, she asked the crowd if there were even five doctors in the local hospital against the sanctioned 13. The audience shouted in unison that there were only two. Such a connect also sees her emerge as the runaway favourite among people surveyed, 42 per cent choosing her as opposed to 25 per cent opting for Gehlot. "Voters cannot be influenced through sops by a government which slept for 54 months," says Raje.

Madhya Pradesh:- On August 13, drenched crowds wait patiently on the roadside at Shyamgarh in Madhya Pradesh's Mandsaur district to catch a glimpse of Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan on a Jan Ashirwad Yatra (a tour for people's blessings). As Chouhan's vehicle arrives, they shower petals on him and shout slogans like "Aandhi nahin toofan hai, Shivraj Singh Chouhan hai (It's not a storm, it's a hurricane; it's Shivraj Singh Chouhan)". The BJP leader has covered 1,329 km over 48 constituencies by then, addressing 120 meetings from a specially designed stage on his vehicle. The overwhelming response to his yatra manifests his popularity, which according to the survey is 57 per cent-the highest among all leaders in Madhya Pradesh. "The response to my yatra shows BJP is set to make a grand comeback," he says. "People are happy with the government's performance." The survey supports Chouhan's optimism. It predicts BJP will bag 122 out of the 230 Assembly seats.
Leader of Opposition Ajay Singh refuses to accept the survey's projections. "The elections in November are bound to see BJP's exit," he says, adding that enormous public money is being wasted on the stage-managed Jan Ashirwad Yatra-something the voters will not forgive. BJP is sending senior leaders to assess the ground reality in the state before announcing poll candidates. Unwilling to be outdone on this front at least, the Congress is exercising due care in selecting its candidates as well.

Chhattisgarh:- Chief Minister Raman Singh says his government is poised to score a comfortable hat-trick. "The good work, development initiatives and pro-poor policies undertaken over the past 10 years will see us through," he says confidently. The BJP leader looks calm during public appearances. But he is leaving no stone unturned to lure voters, sensing a hard-fought BJP-Congress battle in the offing. Singh's principal opponent, Ajit Jogi, the state's first chief minister and senior Congress leader, has a drastically different take on their respective poll prospects. Seated in a wheelchair and clad in a kurta-pyjama, Jogi tells india today that the electoral outcome will surprise many. massive corruption at the grassroots-in district and block offices-has left the common man disillusioned with the BJP in the state. "We will form government," he said.
The Congress being a divided house could be another factor-just as the late Vidya Charan Shukla's revolt against Jogi had hurt the party badly in 2003, the situation is no different this time. BJP, on the other hand, appears united and is said to be considering replacements for 20 sitting MLAs to beat anti-incumbency. In 2008, the party had denied tickets to 18 MLAs. The survey, however, says Raman Singh is unlikely to reap an electoral dividend from his populist scheme, the Chhattisgarh Food Security Act, 2012, touted as being superior to the Centre's Food Security Act as it covers 90 per cent of the state's population.

T-effect; United States of India

Carlsen satisfied with Chennai Venue

Magnus Carlsen, the World No.1 chess player and Viswanathan Anand’s challenger for the World championship match in November this year, charmed the young chess players, college girls and the media with his calm and composed manner in a function held at the MOP Vaishnav College for women in Chennai.

On a three-day visit to the city to inspect the venue of the championship, Hotel Hyatt Regency, and to get a feel of the city, Carlsen patiently played simultaneous chess with 20 children for nearly two-and-a-half hours, answered questions without getting perturbed. The 22-year-old Norwegian seemed pleased with the arrangements made at the hotel for the championship match. He said that, he’s satisfied with the playing venue.
The reception for Carlsen was in keeping with his popularity in this part of the world. As he entered the College, the girls squealed “Carlsen” even as he waved his hand. In his short address, the Norwegian said, he’s happy to be here. He added that, he is looking forward to the match.
On taking on Anand, Carlsen said, “he is a great player. Although he might be low on confidence in the last few tournaments, he’ll be in a different form on his home turf. He is one of world’s greatest players. He’ll be eager to show his best. “We have always been on good terms. I think I’ve learnt a lot from him and his games. You know how great a player he is by interacting with him.”
On his chances in the World championship match, Carlsen sounded extremely confident. “I think as long as I am in top shape, I have a good chance to win. In every tournament, I back myself to win. This will be no different. Anand will up his game than in recent times.”
On home support Carlsen said “I think it’s not any more advantageous than in any other sport. It’s a psychological advantage.”
Carlsen refused to comment on the illness cause (according to the clause, a player can take a two-day break if he falls ill. This clause was included on the insistence of the Carlsen’s camp).
Carlsen attended a party hosted by the Norwegian Embassy on Monday evening. He is likely to meet J. Jayalalithaa, the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
Carlsen’s camp might then venture out on the streets of Chennai to get a feel of the city. “Probably go to the beach,” said Espen Agdestein, Carlsen’s Manager.
Carlsen’s major tournament before the World championship will be the Sinquefield Cup in St. Louis, USA in September.

Monday, August 19, 2013

Madras Day; flashback - I; The Fight for Madras

From The Hindu

Chennai or Madras originates from Fort St. George, built on land that was leased by the East India Company on August 22, 1639 — now celebrated as Madras Day. On this occasion, we step back from neighbourhoods and streets, and take a look at the city as a whole — its past, present and future

About 70 years ago, Chennai or Madras as it was earlier known faced anxious moments when Telugu-speaking citizens demanded the city as theirs and wanted it to be the capital of their future state. The demand in itself was not problematic, but the solutions proposed to solve the dispute between Tamil and Telugu-speaking citizens over the future of the city were. 
The city came close to being split into two along River Cooum – the northern part assigned to Andhra and the southern to Tamil Nadu. However, a combination of factors settled the issue in Tamil Nadu’s favour. This not only saved the traumatic partition, but also avoided two other equally vexatious possibilities: declare Madras as a plebiscite or a centrally administered province. As the city celebrates its past, it would be worthwhile to recall how the city survived its testing moments and retained its cosmopolitan nature.
Madras was a presidency town – the largest colonial city in south India with Telugus, Tamils, Kannadigas and Malayalees all living here. As the struggle for independence intensified, the formation of States on linguistic principles became imminent. Telugus were among the first to raise the demand for the need of a separate province. As early as 1912, Telugu leaders and newspapers started to complain that the ‘progress of Dravidians overshadowed’ that of the Andhras (Telugu speaking) and the creation of a separate province would ‘cure this handicap.’   However, they did not step up the demand immediately, but wanted to do so only after independence. Until then, they decided to keep the issue alive. In the initial years, the status of Madras city was not a central issue. The situation changed in the 1940s. An intriguing tale in November, 1941 brought the city of Madras to centre stage.
Mr.  T. Prakasam, the Congress leader, who later became the first Chief Minister of Andhra told the Mahasabha conference in Vishakapatanam that the cabinet of the Madras Province had met a few months ago to discuss the formation of Andhra province. They invited Lord Erskine, the Governor, to attend the meeting as a matter of goodwill. Erskine suggested that both provinces — Andhra and Madras — be located in the city. Everyone including the Tamil Ministers agreed to this idea, Prakasam claimed.  Prakasam then alleged that an ‘evil genius in the cabinet’ poisoned Erskine’s mind later and made him write a letter to the Secretary of State against the move. Prakasam refused to divulge the name of the ‘evil genius’ but told the gathering that Erskine cautioned the British government that ‘blood would flow in the streets of Madras’ if Andhra was formed. 
Remarks by Mr. O.P. Ramaswamy Reddiar, the premier of Madras province in September, 1947 complicated matters. He told a group of press persons that if Andhra claimed Madras then Tamils would claim Nellore, Chittor and Tirupati in return. Positions hardened and Telugu leaders demanded that the government settle the future of the city first. For their part, Tamil writers and leaders aggressively opposed Andhra’s claim over Madras. Notable writer Mr. Kalki Krishnamuthi remarked that the Tamils and Telugus had turned ‘strange brothers’ and the city had greater contact with Tamilians than with Telugus.  Rajaji dismissed the claim over Madras as untenable and citied population figures in support.
A solution was in sight in 1949. The Indian National Congress set a three-member committee comprising Nehru, Patel and Pattabi Sitaramiah to look into linguistic provinces. The committee report — known as the JVP report — recommended the formation of Andhra province but concluded that Madras would not be part of it. With Nehru and Patel involved, many thought the JVP report would be accepted. On the contrary, the fight over Madras escalated.
While the JVP’s position pleased Tamil leaders, the Telugus agitated. Mr. Sitaramiah, who was a signatory to the report tried to clarify that though the JVP report said Madras could not be part of Andhra, it did not specify that it should be part of the Tamil province. The city should be a centrally administered area, he demanded.  Matters came to a flash point in 1952 when Mr. Potti Sreeramulu, a Gandhian who was fasting for an Andhra province and the inclusion of Madras, died.  Sreeramulu, was born in Madras.
He quit his well-paying job in the Railways in 1930 to join Gandhi in his Sabarmati ashram. Later, after independence, he took up social work. On October 19, 1952, Sreeramulu decided to indefinitely fast in support of the Andhra issue. His fast neither altered the position of the national Congress or the Madras government.  After 51 days, Sreeramulu died. His death sparked violent protests across Telugu-speaking areas of the Presidency. Nehru appealed for calm and assured people that the issue would be settled soon.
Following this, in January 1953, the government appointed Justice Wanchoo to look into the formation of the Andhra province. The Wanchoo committee identified boundaries of the new State, but concluded that Madras could be the temporary capital for three to five years. If that was not possible, until a permanent city was found, Guntur or Vishakapttanam could the temporary capital, the committee suggested.
This was not acceptable to Rajaji and other Tamil leaders.  Finally, in December 1953, Nehru announced that Madras would not be the temporary capital. In October 1954, the Andhra province was formed with Kurnool as its temporary capital.
Mr. V. Kaleeswara Ro, the vice-president of the Andhra Pradesh Congress committee was practical. He told other Telugu leaders that they should now work ‘increasingly with the Karnataka brethren for the disintegration of Hyderabad State’ and combine the Telugu-speaking areas with Andhra. This way, Andhra could get the twin city of Hyderabad and Secunderabad as its permanent capital. He was right. After two years, a larger Andhra Pradesh with Hyderabad as its capital emerged.  Madras remained with Tamil Nadu.